Please enter your location to help us display the correct information for your area. Autism, or autism spectrum disorder ASD , refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication. According to the Centers for Disease Control, autism affects an estimated 1 in 54 children in the United States today. We know that there is not one autism but many subtypes, most influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Because autism is a spectrum disorder, each person with autism has a distinct set of strengths and challenges. The ways in which people with autism learn, think and problem-solve can range from highly skilled to severely challenged.
Able-Minded - Mental Health and People with Intellectual Disability
Patient Story: Intellectual Disability
Read more below for a summary of the findings from this study. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM is what doctors and other clinicians use to diagnose mental disorders among children and adults. It also can be used as a guide in public health for collecting consistent and reliable data. For more general information about the DSM , please visit: www.
Crime and victimisation in people with intellectual disability: a case linkage study
A genetic disorder is a health problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome. It can be caused by a mutation in a single gene monogenic or multiple genes polygenic or by a chromosomal abnormality. Although polygenic disorders are the most common, the term is mostly used when discussing disorders with a single genetic cause, either in a gene or chromosome.
A disability is a societal imposition on people who have impairments, making it more difficult for people to do certain activities or interact with the world around them. Disability is a contested concept , with shifting meanings in different communities. It may also refer to limitations imposed on people by the constraints of an ableist society the social model ; or the term may serve to refer to the identity of disabled people. Physiological functional capacity PFC is a measure of an individual's performance level that gauges one's ability to perform the physical tasks of daily life and the ease with which these tasks are performed. PFC declines with advancing age to result in frailty , cognitive disorders, or physical disorders, all of which may lead to labeling individuals as disabled.