There are several different types of case studies, as well as several types of subjects of case studies. We will investigate each type in this article. It is also possible for types of case studies to overlap each other. Each of the following types of cases can be used in any field or discipline. Whether it is psychology, business or the arts, the type of case study can apply to any field. The explanatory case study focuses on an explanation for a question or a phenomenon.
Rather than exploratory , descriptive research is conclusive in nature. Researchers use this methodology to obtain easily quantifiable information used to infer different stats and numbers related to the population studied. This ease of data aggregation and analysis comes at a cost, though. Moreover, descriptive research is the principle behind the majority of online surveys. Businesses often use it to measure the opinions, attitudes, and satisfaction of their potential customers — NPS being one of the most common descriptive research survey forms. Another common use of descriptive research is in finding out the demographic characteristics of a particular population.
A case study involves an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a particular case or cases, within a real-world context. Generally, a case study can highlight nearly any individual, group, organization, event, belief system, or action. Case study research has been extensively practiced in both the social and natural sciences.
Various disciplines carry out research on a large scale, such researches involve a large sample and are time-consuming and costly. There are various method and techniques, whether scientific or not, that are chosen as suitable to carry out the research. A pilot survey is carried out before the actual research to check the feasibility and validity of the methods and techniques that are chosen among the same area but in a smaller sample. This study seeks to find out whether large scale research can be conducted in a manner that has been decided or not. It is studied to test the process of the main study, which is to test whether the steps that are taken are feasible or not.