Cheek, an anthropologist by training who left academia in the early s to work for the Federal Aviation Commission, is responsible for something few people realize exists: the Plain Writing Act. In fact, Cheek was among the first government employees to champion the use of clear, concise language. Once she retired in from the FAA and gained the freedom to lobby, she leveraged her hatred for gobbledygook to create an actual law. Yet in academia, unwieldy writing has become something of a protected tradition.
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In written English, academic writing has certain characteristics and needs to comply with a strict set of requirements. The main purpose of academic writing in English language is to inform the reader. This is why there is no place for repetition or digression when it comes to academic writing. This should be linear, having a main idea or theme, followed constantly. The writing should be structured around this main idea and every part of it should only provide information or arguments that support the central theme.
Written texts are lexically dense compared to spoken language - they have proportionately more lexical words than grammatical words. Written texts are shorter and have longer, more complex words and phrases. They have more noun-based phrases, more nominalisations, and more lexical variation. Written language is grammatically more complex than spoken language.
M R Jalongo developed her own five phases of development. By the end of this stage you can expect that the baby will be babbling, and know a few simple words. Children use language as a means to connect with those around them through use of their body language, verbal language and written communication. While the potential for language is biological, it requires a social environment to be realized Hoff, , p. A child learns to use sounds and gestures to gain attention, to make requests or indicate needs.