A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study. Fink, Arlene. Fourth edition.
The gladiator cemetery discovered in Ephesus Turkey in dates to the 2 nd and 3 rd century AD. The aim of this study is to reconstruct diverse diet, social stratification, and migration of the inhabitants of Roman Ephesus and the distinct group of gladiators. Stable carbon, nitrogen, and sulphur isotope analysis were applied, and inorganic bone elements strontium, calcium were determined. In total, 53 individuals, including 22 gladiators, were analysed. All individuals consumed C 3 plants like wheat and barley as staple food.
Parenteral trace element provision: recent clinical research and practical conclusions
The first recorded medical use of copper is found in the Smith Papyrus, one of the oldest books known. The Papyrus is an Egyptian medical text, written between and B. Other early reports of copper's medicinal uses are found in the Ebers Papyrus, written around B. The Ebers Papyrus documents medicine practiced in ancient Egypt and in other cultures that flourished many centuries earlier.
Assessment of vitamin and trace element status VTE is important in the clinical management of the sick child. In this position paper, we present the various assessment methods available to the clinical practitioner, and critically discuss pitfalls with interpretation of their results. There are 4 main approaches to assess the VTE body status of an individual patient including clinical examination, dietary assessment, and measurement of direct and indirect biomarkers of VTE in biological samples. Clinical signs of VTE deficiencies usually present only when body stores are substantially depleted and are often difficult to detect or differentiate from other nonnutrient-related causes.