From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Calypso song. Look up Calypso , calypso , Calipso , or calipso in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Calypso refers to: Calypso mythology , a nymph who, famously in Homer's Odyssey , kept Odysseus with her on her island of Ogygia for seven years. Calypso nymphs , other nymphs called Calypso. Calypso may also refer to: Contents.
The Odyssey Calypso And Circe Paper Essay Free Essay Sample
Being between Scylla and Charybdis is an idiom deriving from Greek mythology , which has been associated with the proverbial advice "to choose the lesser of two evils". Scylla and Charybdis were mythical sea monsters noted by Homer ; Greek mythology sited them on opposite sides of the Strait of Messina between Sicily and Calabria , on the Italian mainland. Scylla was rationalized as a rock shoal described as a six-headed sea monster on the Calabrian side of the strait and Charybdis was a whirlpool off the coast of Sicily. They were regarded as maritime hazards located close enough to each other that they posed an inescapable threat to passing sailors; avoiding Charybdis meant passing too close to Scylla and vice versa. According to Homer's account, Odysseus was advised to pass by Scylla and lose only a few sailors, rather than risk the loss of his entire ship in the whirlpool. Because of such stories, the bad result of having to navigate between the two hazards eventually entered proverbial use.
Of the Greeks who made it back to their homes Odysseus was fated to wander the longest — a full ten years — and he knew it. Among the Trojan women Hecuba fell to him, an old harridan now who could not forgive the way Odysseus had thrown her grandson Astyanax from the walls of Troy. Odysseus' ships were hit by the storm raised by Athena and were blown to Thrace. Sick of Hecuba's insults, he and his men stoned her to death. In Thrace Odysseus sacked the city of the Cicones, sparing only a priest of Apollo, who rewarded him with a skin of potent wine.
The two goddesses with whom Odysseus has extended affairs are similar in that Circe is a devastatingly beautiful goddess-enchantress and Calypso is a devastatingly beautiful goddess-nymph; but they contrast in their motives toward and treatment of Odysseus. After Odysseus following Hermes' advice initially conquers Circe, she does everything she can to help him. In addition to releasing the spell that turned his men into swine, she is such an excellent hostess and lover to Odysseus that his men must talk him into going on with the journey a full year later. Even then, Circe helps the Greeks with supplies and advice. Calypso, on the other hand, is an egocentric, dominating goddess who holds Odysseus captive for seven years in hopes of marrying him.