Kayla Huffman , Syracuse University Follow. Commercially available bone cements come pre-packaged and separated into powder and liquid components before they are combined during a vacuum mixing process. Two-solution bone cements TSBC vary from commercially available cements in that they incorporate the powder and liquid components together within a closed two-cartridge system. In TSBC's the polymer and initiator are thoroughly mixed within the liquid monomer to allow for complete dissolution. Concerns arise with the shelf life of two-solution bone cement due to the potential for spontaneous free radical polymerization as benzoyl peroxide interacts with the monomer during cement storage. Decomposition of benzoyl peroxide creates free radicals that can interact with the available methyl methacrylate molecules.
The bone cement implantation syndrome - epidemiology, pathophysiology and prevention
"A Novel Approach for Incorporating Benzoyl Peroxide in Two-Solution Bo" by Kayla Huffman
PMMA bone cement has been used for decades in surgical procedures. However, it does not meet all the medical requirements and possesses a significant rate of failure and complications. These include aseptic loosening in hip replacement, dislodgement in vertebroplasty and persistent infections of cranial implants, among others. Nevertheless, all these failures have a common root: a fibrous encapsulation.
The bone cement implantation syndrome - epidemiology, pathophysiology and prevention. Institute of Clinical Sciences. Bone cement implantation syndrome in cemented hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture: incidence, risk factors, and effect on outcome. Pulmonary haemodynamics and right ventricular function during cemented hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture. Acta Anaesthesiol.
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