Functionalism conflict and interactionist research paper
According to Harris 1 , sociologists follow different theoretical backgrounds when exploring certain subjects in the field. Most concepts in sociology are founded on the three key sociological paradigms, which include conflict theory, symbolic interaction, and functionalism. Each of these key paradigms has its own inclination when it comes to the conceptualization of the social aspects of society. It means that they are used differently by researchers and scholars in the field of sociology. This paper explores the three key sociological paradigms that are critical in conceptualizing different phenomena from the sociological stance. The paper argues that the difference in these paradigms or theoretical foundations lies in their application in understanding the functioning of the society.
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There are three main sociological theories when dealing with societies and looking at the people of the world. The three theoretical perspectives in sociology are structural functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism and conflict theory is the sociological perspective the world is most like. Theoretical perspectives in sociology are categorized in two main types, macro and micro. The one perspective that would be considered micro is symbolic interactionism. There are three major theoretical perspectives that make up society: structural functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. However, everyone views the world differently; it is vital to know the different theoretical perspectives in order to understand how society functions as a whole. The first theoretical perspective is structural functionalism.
By moral boundaries, Durkheim referred to a groups ideas on how people should think and act. Deviance challenges these boundaries. This implies that basic institutions play a key role in determine the status of a society and the interactions between classes. This theory holds that class position is the basis of power and that power is held primarily by the dominant class. According to the dialectical model one must understand the logic and biases associated with social institutional while still being observant of the political behaviors of social classes and individuals Whitt.
Within sociology there are many different views on suicide on the causes and explanations for it, these come from two main methodologies which are Positivists who believe that sociology is a science and they should aim to make causal laws on suicide rates, compared to Interpretivists who believe that they should look for meaning behind occurrences and certain individuals experiences before the suicide. Other perspectives also put in their views on what they believe to explain suicide for example, Realists. Using quantitative data from official statistics, Durkheim analysed the suicide rates for various European countries and noted four regular patterns. The suicide rate for any given society remained more or less constant over time.