The state is bound to the south by the Bangladeshi divisions of Mymensingh and Sylhet , to the west by the Bangladeshi division of Rangpur , and to the north and east by India's State of Assam. The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong. During the British rule of India , the British imperial authorities nicknamed it the "Scotland of the East". English is the official language of Meghalaya.
Subsistence agriculture occurs when farmers grow food crops to meet the needs of themselves and their families on smallholdings. Planting decisions occur principally with an eye toward what the family will need during the coming year, and only secondarily toward market prices. Despite the primacy of self-sufficiency in subsistence farming, today [update] most subsistence farmers also participate in trade to some degree, though usually for goods that are not necessary for survival, which may include sugar, iron roofing-sheets, bicycles, used clothing, and so forth. Most subsistence farmers today operate in developing countries. Subsistence agriculture was the dominant mode of production in the world until recently, when market-based capitalism became widespread. Subsistence agriculture had largely disappeared in Europe by the beginning of World War I , and in North America with the movement of sharecroppers and tenant farmers out of the American South and Midwest during the s and s. Subsistence farming continues today in large parts of rural Africa,  and parts of Asia and Latin America.
Agriculture in India: Information About Indian Agriculture & Its Importance
Subsidies in India. Subsidies are one of the quintessential attributes of any welfare state. India, at the eve of independence was left with uphill task of socio-economic development. Markets were almost nonexistence, masses lived in abject poverty and illiteracy, we were not producing enough food to satiate hunger of masses, life expectancy was just 32 years; in short, there was crisis in every sphere; be it agriculture, industry, health or education; partly due to colonial legacy.
The research ecosystem in India presents a significant opportunity for multinational corporations across the world due to its intellectual capital available in the country. Legions of Indian engineers working across the globe highlight the highly trained manpower available at competitive costs. India has a total of 25 innovation centres in the country and has been ranked as the top innovation destination in Asia and second in the world for new innovation centres. India has moved up to the 60th position in the 10th edition of Global Innovation Index GII in and will likely get into the list of the top 25 nations in the next 10 years. India ranks second amongst the countries with highest increase in contribution to high-quality scientific research.