Essay on natural calamities in odisha
Each year, natural disasters affect different parts of the world in various forms. Natural disasters often result in loss of lives and money. Flood, earthquake, hurricane, volcanic eruption, landslides, tsunami, wildfire, tornado, blizzard, avalanche etc are examples of natural disasters. They occur due to natural processes. Despite being so technologically advanced, humans have had trouble facing natural calamities. Hurricane Harvey proves this fact very well.
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The disturbance gradually strengthened as it took a west-northwesterly path, reaching cyclonic storm strength the next day. The storm maintained this intensity as it made landfall on Odisha on 29 October. The cyclone steadily weakened due to persistent land interaction and dry air, remaining quasi-stationary for two days before slowly drifting offshore as a much weaker system; the storm dissipated on 4 November over the Bay of Bengal. Although its primary effects were felt in a localized area of India, the outer fringes of the super cyclone impacted Myanmar and Bangladesh. Ten people were killed in the former, while two were killed in the latter by the storm's rainbands.
Odisha: Home to man-made and natural climate calamities
The Odisha coastal zone has turned most vulnerable due to reoccurrence of storms and severe storms at small intervals. According to the latest report on vulnerability of the coastal zone, reoccurrence of storm and severe storm is 15 months in case of Odisha. However, revisit of storm and severe storms in case of Andhra Pradesh is 20 months and 28 months in case of West Bengal. In the last century, Indian subcontinent experienced more than 1, cyclonic disturbances of which were found in the eastern coast, including cyclonic disturbances in Odisha. The severe cyclonic storms of , , , , , , Super Cyclone , very severe cyclonic storm Phailin in , Titli in caused colossal damages and devastations.
It is the 8th largest state by area , and the 11th largest by population. The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. Odisha has a coastline of kilometres mi along the Bay of Bengal. The ancient kingdom of Kalinga , which was invaded by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka which was again won back from them by king Kharavela in BCE resulting in the Kalinga War , coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha. Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha.