Susan Sontag wrote: "The camera's rendering of reality must always hide more than it discloses" in her book, On Photography Analyzing Sontag's quotes is similar to processing film in the dark room; what is expect to have when the shutter button is pressed is rarely exactly the same as the final result. Susan Sontag offered the readers a large field to explore, to investigate and to question. This essay will take an example of Miles Aldridge's work from a series called "Home Chic" to analyse and uncover a deeper view about the truth in photography with the purpose of arguing if a photographic image could reflect reality, or not. Miles Aldridge, a big name in the fashion industry, is best known for his fascination with Technicolor dream-like worlds featuring glamorous, beautiful women. The editorial 'Home Chic,' which was published in by Vogue Italia is not an exception.
Our initial reaction to photographic images often leans toward belief or trust that the picture tells a true, unbiased story. By following these gut reactions, we are often led by the hand toward manipulation by advertisers, marketers, and product designers. Historically, the earliest photographic technologies such as daguerreotype were seen as an easier way to accurately create representations of people, architecture and places—a technological substitute for the more cumbersome process of painting. It was only through errors that occurred during photographic capture and in the darkroom, that we find the first manipulations and artistic renderings. Since then, photography has been engaged in an ongoing process of experimentation, altering both the way we take pictures and what we do with them in post-production.
The term Documentary Photography describes photography that attempts to capture real-life situations and settings. As a result, Documentary Photography became a genre as early as the mids. As the medium developed, however, Documentary Photography became so diffuse it came to be discussed through a whole series of photographic sub-genres. Lacking, then, a truly precise definition, Documentary Photography is best thought of as an umbrella term that encompasses many styles and themes including: Social Documentary; Conservation Photography; Ethnographic Photography; War Photography; the photo essay; New Documents; and Social Landscape photography.