Cambridge correspondence essay in metaphysics philosophy predication study theory truth
Stoicism was one of the new philosophical movements of the Hellenistic period. The Stoics did, in fact, hold that emotions like fear or envy or impassioned sexual attachments, or passionate love of anything whatsoever either were, or arose from, false judgements and that the sage — a person who had attained moral and intellectual perfection — would not undergo them. It does not, however, hint at the even more radical ethical views which the Stoics defended, e. Though it seems clear that some Stoics took a kind of perverse joy in advocating views which seem so at odds with common sense, they did not do so simply to shock.
Plato contrasted mimesis , or imitation , with diegesis , or narrative. After Plato , the meaning of mimesis eventually shifted toward a specifically literary function in ancient Greek society, and its use has changed and been reinterpreted many times since. One of the best-known modern studies of mimesis—understood in literature as a form of realism —is Erich Auerbach 's Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature , which opens with a famous comparison between the way the world is represented in Homer 's Odyssey and the way it appears in the Bible. Both Plato and Aristotle saw in mimesis the representation of nature , including human nature, as reflected in the dramas of the period. In Ion , he states that poetry is the art of divine madness, or inspiration.
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