Bonding is the formation of a mutual emotional and psychological closeness between parents or primary caregivers and their newborn child. Babies usually bond with their parents in the minutes, hours, or days following birth. Bonding is essential for survival. The biological capacity to bond and form attachments is genetically determined. The drive to survive is basic in all species.
Bonding Activities For Parent And Child | Children's Bureau
Attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships, including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners. British psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing attachment as a "lasting psychological connectedness between human beings. Some of the earliest behavioral theories suggested that attachment was simply a learned behavior. These theories proposed that attachment was merely the result of the feeding relationship between the child and the caregiver. Because the caregiver feeds the child and provides nourishment, the child becomes attached. What Bowlby observed is that even feedings did not diminish the anxiety experienced by children when they were separated from their primary caregivers. When children are frightened, they will seek proximity from their primary caregiver in order to receive both comfort and care.
Children learn and develop best when they have strong, loving, positive relationships with parents and other carers. But if your relationship with your child is built on warm, loving and responsive interactions most of the time, your child will feel loved and secure. It shows your child that you care about the things that matter to them, which is the basis for a strong relationship.
Early interactions with caregivers can dramatically affect your beliefs about yourself, your expectations of others, and how you cope with stress and regulate your emotions as an adult. I n , a team of Norwegian researchers set out to study how experienced psychotherapists help people to change. Margrethe Halvorsen, a post-doc at the time, was given the job of interviewing the patients at the end of the treatment.