Metrics details. Hepatitis B virus HBV and Hepatitis C virus HCV co-infections among HIV-1 infected individuals are growing worldwide health problems characterized by lack of effective vaccines, need for expensive treatment, chronicity of morbidity and associated mortality. Their prevalence and distribution patterns continue to vary across geographical locations with high prevalence being detected among high risk populations. Though, low levels of co-infection with all three viruses were reported, there could be higher prevalence rates than reported here especially among high risk populations. They share similar transmission routes including sexual, blood-blood contact, and injecting drug usage[ 1 , 2 ].
Pathogenesis of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)-Mediated Liver Injury
The Hepatitis viruses section of Virology Journal includes studies relating to all aspects of hepatitis A, B C, D and E virus research including research discoveries addressing both basic and medical aspects of the biology of these human pathogens. Basic research topics of interest include all aspects of the viral life cycle e. Medical research topics of interest include but are not limited to viral pathogenesis, epidemiology, immunology, therapies and emergence of drug-resistant variants.
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