In: English and Literature. He starts his essay of by talking about the plague in the seventeenth century. There was a closing of the town and its outer lying districts. Each street was placed under the authority of a syndic, who keeps it under surveillance. Each house was watched over by the syndic who would come to lock each door from the outside of the house.
In his essay Panopticism, Michel Foucault discusses power and discipline, the manipulation there of, and their effect on society over time. He also discusses Jeremy Benthams Panopticon and other disciplinary models. However, after reading Panopticism, the question that baffles everyone is: What is panopticism anyway? One exceptional disciplinary model is the measures taken by a seventeenth century town when the plague appears. First there is a strict spatial partitioning which involves the closing of the town and dividing it into quarters. There is a syndic assigned to each street who keeps the street under surveillance.
In other words, Foucault believes that institutions like the military, schools, and hospitals are controlled by requiring everyone to obey the rules and by punishing those who do not follow the rules to improve the overall society. Instead of supreme leader ruling over people without placing any structures for people to follow. Michel Foucault illustrates "Panopticism" through a panoptic prison that was created by Jeremy Bentham in the 18th century. It had a large….
Worried about plagiarism? Read this. Help Login Sign Up. It is mainly this surveillance that forms the basis of authority that draws the individual to believe that the world he lives in is one that is continually watching over him.
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