What factors contemporaneous observers attributed the rise and fall of the Muslim empires? Discuss overall strengths and weaknesses additional documents to help access rise and fall of Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals? Paul Simon, missionary to Safavid Court of Shah Abbas The Great in the city of Isfaha, —visitor to Safavid court, therefore perhaps biased in treatment of soldiers and men? Bureaucracy and army grown bloated and corrupt, peasants and urban workers have lower living standards?
The Ottoman Empire: The Rise Of The Ottoman Empire - Words | Cram
This period witnessed the foundation of a political entity ruled by the Ottoman Dynasty in the northwestern Anatolian region of Bithynia , and its transformation from a small principality on the Byzantine frontier into an empire spanning the Balkans , Anatolia , Middle East and North Africa. For this reason, this period in the empire's history has been described as the "Proto-Imperial Era". By the middle of the fifteenth century the Ottoman sultans were able to accumulate enough personal power and authority to establish a centralized imperial state, a process which was brought to fruition by Sultan Mehmed II r. The cause of Ottoman success cannot be attributed to any single factor, and they varied throughout the period as the Ottomans continually adapted to changing circumstances. The earlier part of this period, the fourteenth century, is particularly difficult for historians to study due to the scarcity of sources. Not a single written document survives from the reign of Osman I , and very little survives from the rest of the century. At the beginning of the thirteenth century Anatolia was divided between two relatively powerful states: the Byzantine Empire in the west and the Anatolian Seljuks in the central plateau.
Several factors prompted this decline such as: several economic problems, the rise of other trade routes, the European hunger for expansion, and weakness in the Ottoman government Furthermore, the Ottoman Empire was both politically and militarily strong, yet, it was too traditional and could not keep up with worldwide changes and modernity through time. Europe and the West were rapidly moving forward innovatively while the Ottomans stayed in their place for too long. All these problems led to the empire being less centralized in Europe.
Discrimination is a major cause of these violations especially in the Ottoman Empire when Turkish nationalism began to rise. In the s, the Ottoman Empire believed that the multi-ethnicity of their empire was the reason for the decline; so, they worked to eliminate the Armenians in their empire due to their non-Turkish background, religious beliefs, and greater economic success. During the s the Ottoman Empire was in decline and losing territories in other parts of the world. In response. The Ottoman Empire Around the chieftain of a nomadic Turkish tribe named Osman, founded an empire that would endure almost six hundred years.