Background: Diet and exercise during pregnancy have been used to prevent gestational diabetes mellitus GDM with some success. Objective: To examine the effectiveness of lifestyle intervention on GDM prevention and to identify key effectiveness moderators to improve the prevention strategy. Search strategy: Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, and cross-references were searched. Data collection and analysis: Two independent reviewers extracted data. Meta-regressions and subgroup analyses were used to investigate important moderators of effectiveness.
Gestational diabetes - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Learn about types of diabetes during pregnancy, the percentage of women affected, and what CDC is doing to address this important health topic. Managing diabetes can help women have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. Diabetes is a disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that helps blood sugar get into the cells to be used for energy.
If you're at average risk of gestational diabetes, you'll likely have a screening test during your second trimester — between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. If you're at high risk of diabetes — for example, if you're overweight or obese before pregnancy or you have a mother, father, sibling or child with diabetes — your doctor may test for diabetes early in pregnancy, likely at your first prenatal visit. Initial glucose challenge test.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that is first seen in a pregnant woman who did not have diabetes before she was pregnant. Some women have more than one pregnancy affected by gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes usually shows up in the middle of pregnancy. Doctors most often test for it between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. Often gestational diabetes can be controlled through eating healthy foods and regular exercise.