There are four widely-used referencing styles or conventions. If you are producing essays for a particular institution or even a particular department make sure you know what system it is using. Your tutors may specify one of the four listed above or they may use another one entirely. Some departments will produce sheets explaining which system they want you to use. The following sections give the important aspects of the four conventions. The MLA system is a parenthetical system: i.
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Published on June 28, by Shona McCombes. Revised on February 24, An MLA book citation always includes the author s , title italicized , publisher, and publication year in the list of Works Cited. If relevant, also include the names of any editors or translators, the edition, and the volume. Table of contents Citing a book chapter Editions of books Multi-volume books Translated books E-books and online books Where to find information for a book citation Frequently asked questions about MLA style. A similar format can be used to cite images from books. If you cite several chapters from the same book, include a separate Works Cited entry for each one.
Last Updated: December 17, References. This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, PhD. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed , times.
Parenthetical referencing , also known as Harvard referencing ,  is a citation style in which partial citations—for example, " Smith , p. They are accompanied by a full, alphabetized list of citations in an end section, usually titled "references", "reference list", "works cited", or "end-text citations". The origin of the author—date style is attributed to a paper by Edward Laurens Mark , Hersey professor of anatomy and director of the zoological laboratory at Harvard University , who may have copied it from the cataloguing system used then and now by the library of Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology. Chernin writes that a festschrift dedicated to Mark by students, including Theodore Roosevelt , confirms that the author—date system is attributable to Mark. The festschrift pays tribute to Mark's paper, writing that it "introduced into zoology a proper fullness and accuracy of citation and a convenient and uniform method of referring from text to bibliography.