The global terror network has been linked to radical groups across the Middle East and beyond. During the Soviet-Afghan War in Afghanistan, in which the Soviet Union gave support to the communist Afghan government, Muslim insurgents, known as the mujahideen, rallied to fight a jihad or holy war against the invaders. Among them was a Saudi Arabian—the 17th child of 52 of a millionaire construction magnate—named Osama bin Laden, who provided the mujahideen with money, weapons and fighters. Along with Abdullah Azzam, a Palestinian Sunni Islamic scholar, preacher and mentor of bin Laden, the men began to grow a large financial network, and when the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan in , al Qaeda was created to take on future holy wars. For Bin Laden, that was a fight he wanted to take globally.
U.S. Intervention in the USSR Mujahideen Essay | andaluciapodemos.info
The year-old former mathematics teacher is the commander of Hizbul Mujahideen HM , a pro-Pakistan armed separatist group that opposes Indian rule in Kashmir. The Himalayan region is home to seven decades of conflict, with more than half a million Indian forces deployed to fight rebel groups demanding either independence or merger with Pakistan. Since the armed rebellion erupted in , more than 70, people have been killed, according to estimates by a local human rights federation, Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society JKCCS. In , mass protests erupted again, during which more than civilians were killed — the worst violence in a decade that saw stone-throwing Kashmiri youths hitting the streets against Indian rule. The killing of popular HM commander Burhan Wani in sparked the current phase of deadly protests that has pushed a growing number of youths towards armed rebellion. Al Jazeera reached out to the Indian government for comment but was yet to receive a response at the time of publication. Riyaz Naikoo: In , a cousin of my mother was martyred.
The United States viewed the conflict in Afghanistan as an integral Cold War struggle, and the CIA provided assistance to anti-Soviet mujahideen rebels through the Pakistani intelligence services in a program called Operation Cyclone. In the aftermath of the invasion, Carter was determined to respond vigorously to what he considered a dangerous provocation. Carter also called for a boycott of the Summer Olympics in Moscow, which raised a bitter controversy.
Rival factions thereafter fell out among themselves, precipitating the rise of one faction, the Taliban , and an opposing coalition, the Northern Alliance. The following is a discussion of these factions during the Afghan War and its aftermath. The roots of the Afghan War lay in the overthrow of the centrist government of Pres.