Irony can be categorized into different types, including verbal irony , dramatic irony , and situational irony. Verbal, dramatic, and situational irony are often used for emphasis in the assertion of a truth. The ironic form of simile , used in sarcasm , and some forms of litotes can emphasize one's meaning by the deliberate use of language which states the opposite of the truth, denies the contrary of the truth, or drastically and obviously understates a factual connection. Henry Watson Fowler , in The King's English , says, "any definition of irony—though hundreds might be given, and very few of them would be accepted—must include this, that the surface meaning and the underlying meaning of what is said are not the same. The use of irony may require the concept of a double audience. The term is sometimes used as a synonym for incongruous and applied to "every trivial oddity" in situations where there is no double audience.
In rhetoric , an argument is a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating truth or falsehood. In composition , argument is one of the traditional modes of discourse. Adjective: argumentative. Patron: I came here for a good argument. Sparring Partner: No, you didn't. You came here for an argument. Patron: Well, an argument is not the same as contradiction.
The perennial conviction that those who work hard and play by the rules will be rewarded with a more comfortable present and a stronger future for their children faces assault from just about every direction. That great enemy of democratic capitalism, economic inequality, is real and growing. The unemployment rate is dispiritingly high. The nation's long-term fiscal health is at risk, and the American political system, the engine of what Thomas Jefferson called "the world's best hope," shows no sign of reaching solutions commensurate with the problems of the day.
Have you ever known a person who was not very good at telling stories? You probably had trouble following his train of thought as he jumped around from point to point, either being too brief in places that needed further explanation or providing too many details on a meaningless element. Maybe he told the end of the story first, then moved to the beginning and later added details to the middle.