On January 17, Mt. The 11,foot volcano produced a fissure and three paths of lava, one of which headed toward the city of Goma, 18 kilometers to the south. Out of Goma's population of approximately , people, an estimated , people fled east to Gisenyi and Ruhengeri in Rwanda, while approximately , moved west towards Sake, Bukavu, and other locations within the Democratic Republic of the Congo DRC. Lava covered 13 percent of the city, or approximately 1. Nyiragongo previously erupted in , when lava flow covered 20 square km, destroyed houses and 10 km of road, and reportedly killed up to people. On January 18, U.
The current network of fractures extends from Nyiragongo summit to Goma and continues beneath Lake Kivu, which gives rise to the fear that an eruption could even produce an active vent within the center of Goma or within the lake. For the time being, ongoing hazards related to Nyiragongo and Nyamulagira volcanoes silently kill people and animals, slowly destroy the environment, and seriously harm the health of the population. They include mazuku CO 2 -rich locations where people often die of asphyxiation , the highly fluoridated surface and ground waters, and other locally neglected hazards. The volcanic gas plume causes poor air quality and acid rain, which is commonly used for drinking water. Given the large number of people at risk and the continued movement of people to Goma and the surrounding villages, there is an urgent need for a thorough natural hazards assessment in the region.
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Criticisms include: some confusing titles - why is the third section called Location, Location, Location, when it is the second section that is about location? Some of the wording in the rubrics seem to refer to things not discussed before.