Carthage had an extremely powerful naval fleet, and advanced war tactics. Carthage borrows much of its war tactics from the Greeks, such as the phalanx which proved to be extremely effective in warfare. Carthage recruited the majority of its army from mercenaries from Spanish Iberia. The most famous of Carthaginian infantry was the Sacred. Carthage had an incredible navy. The Romans had an incredible armed force.
Marcus Antonius was an orator, a strong political speaker, in Rome. He knew if he was going to defeat the pirates, he had to have a smart strategy plan. He attacked cities on the south side of turkey which were identified as pirate bases Souza. This strategy worked and Rome won the war. The wars began as a dispute between two cities on Sicily, one was allied with Rome and the other with Carthage and this turned the once friends into bitter enemies. Rome did have one problem though, they were a land based empire against a naval empire.
The Roman army was composed of citizen-soldiers, who fought without pay and supplied their own weapons. The basic unit was the legion, made up of about 5, men. To ensure the success of the soldiers in battle, Roman commanders instituted a system of rewards and punishment. Bravery and courage were rewarded with praise and gifts, but cowards were punished shamefully and often put to death.
The goal of this essay is to discuss this conflict between. Livy believed that the Second Punic War was started by the siege of Saguntum by the Carthaginian Commander Hannibal and that this violated past treaties which left Rome no choice but to declare war on Carthage. In addition he believed the events that caused the war were entirely the fault of Carthage and that Rome did everything possible to prevent the dispute with Carthage from escalating. However there are inconsistencies in his work which undermine his reliability as a historian.