Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. Critical thinking is self-directed , self-disciplined , self- monitored , and self- corrective thinking. It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism   and sociocentrism. The earliest records of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. These included a part in Plato's early dialogues, where Socrates engages with one or more interlocutors on the issue of ethics such as question whether it was right for Socrates to escape from prison. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight.
How Critical Thinking Can Empower You To Do More And Succeed - Mindvalley Blog
Using these models, they developed the Critical Thinking Roadmap, a framework that breaks critical thinking down into four measurable phases: the ability to execute, synthesize, recommend, and generate. With critical thinking ranking among the most in-demand skills for job candidates , you would think that educational institutions would prepare candidates well to be exceptional thinkers, and employers would be adept at developing such skills in existing employees. Unfortunately, both are largely untrue. This confirms what a Wall Street Journal analysis of standardized test scores given to freshmen and seniors at colleges found: the average graduate from some of the most prestigious universities shows little or no improvement in critical thinking over four years. Employers fare no better.
Critical thinking doesn't just happen in the classroom. There comes a time when decisions must be made. It's far better to take multiple factors into account, balancing them with sound reasoning and reflection. The ability to think critically is a mindset of influential scientists, philosophers, key political figures and other individuals hoping to make the world a better place. Critical thinkers employ good reasoning strategies to yield truths and choose effective actions.
For that he does not really need a college. He can learn them from books. The value of an education in a liberal arts college is not the learning of many facts, but the training of the mind to think something that cannot be learned from textbooks. At university you may be instructed to consider , justify , reason , argue , critically appraise , identify, analyse or evaluate. Such instructions provide you with the opportunity to engage your 'critical spirit' and practise your critical thinking skills.