Research papers and official documents are very important. A research paper is a large scientific work, which presents your opinion it may be a personal evaluation, judgment, agreement or argument. In other words, we can call it an academic writing. You have to be aware of the basic elements of a research paper. Of course, people find out a lot of difficulties in choosing a topic, citing research papers, making the title, determining main ideas, identifying problems, organizing the notes, creating a strategy etc. But one of the most difficult and responsible parts for us is the citation of this document.
thesis - Maximum number of citations per sentence? - Academia Stack Exchange
Published on July 17, by Courtney Gahan. Revised on February 28, Footnotes are superscript numbers 1 placed within the body of text. They can be used for two things:. Using footnotes has one big advantage; you can include additional information without distracting the reader from the main text.
Citation impact is a measure of how many times an academic journal article or book or author is cited by other articles, books or authors. The journal impact factor , the two-year average ratio of citations to articles published, is a measure of the importance of journals. It is used by academic institutions in decisions about academic tenure , promotion and hiring, and hence also used by authors in deciding which journal to publish in. Citation-like measures are also used in other fields that do ranking , such as Google 's PageRank algorithm, software metrics , college and university rankings , and business performance indicators. One of the most basic citation metrics is how often an article was cited in other articles, books, or other sources such as theses.