Author - last name, initial s. Title of thesis - italicised Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master's thesis. Name of institution, Location. Rahman, M. Using authentic materials in the writing classes: Tertiary level scenario.
APA Citation Guide: How to Cite Any Source in APA Format | EssayPro
The given name may be cited in full if it is needed to correctly identify the author; for example, where different authors have the same surname and initials. Only the first letter of the first word of the title and subtitle, if given and those words that normally have an initial capital proper nouns are capitalised. All words other than prepositions, conjunctions, and definite and indefinite articles a, an, the are capitalised. Search this Guide Search. Standards for educational and psychological testing. American Psychological Association. Angus, J.
The names of some groups are spelled out in the first citation and abbreviated thereafter. In deciding whether to abbreviate the name of a group author, use the general rule that you need to give enough information in the text citation for the reader to locate the entry in the reference list without difficulty. If the name is long… and the abbreviation is familiar…, you may abbreviate the name in the second and subsequent citations.
The following sections provide you with information and examples that will help you to cite the sources that you come across for your study:. The purpose of a reference list is to enable readers to locate sources. Therefore, details must be correct and complete. Every in-text reference requires a related reference list entry. Equally, every reference list entry requires at least one related in-text reference.