The Quakers were the first organized group in the United States to collectively oppose Slavery which led to a free black population and successfully made the Underground railroad successful. The Quakers protested Slavery playing a active, moral and supportive role displaying a positive image. Slaves would escape to free states or Canada to get away from the abuse. Slavery formed two opposing societies and could not have been abolished with out the Civil War. The North was very industrialized and had a stable economy in comparison to slave-dependant South. During the mids immigration to the North greatly increased.
The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century enslaved people of African descent in the United States. It was in efforts to escape to the Free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists that showed sympathy towards them. It was harriet tubman who had a primary role in organizing a network which became known as the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad was a rebellion.
Doubleday hide caption. When author Colson Whitehead first heard about the Underground Railroad as a child he imagined a subway beneath the earth that escaped slaves could ride to freedom. He tells Fresh Air 's Terry Gross that when he found out that it was not a literal train, he felt "a bit upset. Now, in his new novel, The Underground Railroad, Whitehead returns to his childhood vision of an actual locomotive that carries escaped slaves through tunnels. The book follows a year-old slave named Cora who has escaped from a Georgia plantation and must make her way north to freedom.
The Underground Railroad —the resistance to enslavement through escape and flight, through the end of the Civil War—refers to the efforts of enslaved African Americans to gain their freedom by escaping bondage. Wherever slavery existed, there were efforts to escape. At first to maroon communities in remote or rugged terrain on the edge of settled areas and eventually across state and international borders.