Please join StudyMode to read the full document. As you meet the daily activities of life, these stimuli that impinge on your sense organs and your experience of stimuli. Perception Refers to the actual experience of the world. It is the process by which the brain interprets and organizes the information received by sense organs. Principles of Organizations A group of German psychologists stated the basic principles of organization in perception , known as Gestalt psychologists — emphasized the importance of form in perception and they took the point of view that shapes and forms need to be described by the organization of entire perceptual field. Some of these Gestalt laws of organization are as follows: 1.
In order to receive information from the environment we are equipped with sense organs e. Each sense organ is part of a sensory system which receives sensory inputs and transmits sensory information to the brain. A particular problem for psychologists is to explain the process by which the physical energy received by sense organs forms the basis of perceptual experience. Sensory inputs are somehow converted into perceptions of desks and computers, flowers and buildings, cars and planes; into sights, sounds, smells, taste and touch experiences. A major theoretical issue on which psychologists are divided is the extent to which perception relies directly on the information present in the environment. Some argue that perceptual processes are not direct, but depend on the perceiver's expectations and previous knowledge as well as the information available in the stimulus itself. This controversy is discussed with respect to Gibson who has proposed a direct theory of perception which is a 'bottom-up' theory, and Gregory who has proposed a constructivist indirect theory of perception which is a 'top-down' theory.
Eyes and other sense organs, collects sensory inputs and transmits them to the brain. What is happening next? The answer can be found in a process known as perception. But what is it exactly? In other words, it is a process of taking information about the.
Since the very moment that this tree captured your attention, perception has been at work. Perception has allowed for you to interpret this one particular occurrence and, in turn, experience life. The process of perception helps us to experience the world at large.