The report summarizes the latest evidence on the health benefits of cessation. The scientific evidence in this report supports the following key findings. Download Factsheet. To sign up for updates or to access your subscriber preferences, please enter your contact information below. Office of the Surgeon General U. Washington, D.
Smoking cessation nursing essay for andy warhol and pop art essay
Nursing Dissertations | Smoking Cessation | Mental Health | Patients
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These entries are part of an ongoing drug-related dissertation bibliography being compiled by Jonathon Erlen , which was formerly published in the Social History of Alcohol and Drugs journal but is now periodically featured on the Points blog. Contact Dr. Erlen through the link above.
Background: Smoking increases the risk of hospitalization for pneumonia, yet it is unknown if smoking cessation changes this risk. We sought to determine if smoking cessation and the duration of abstinence from tobacco reduce the risk of pneumonia hospitalization. Methods: We performed secondary analysis of data collected from male United States Veterans participating in a randomized trial. We used Cox proportional-hazard models to estimate risk of hospitalization for pneumonia within one year of enrollment. We adjusted for confounders, including: demographics, comorbidity, alcohol use, prior pneumonia, inhaled corticosteroid use, and intensity of tobacco exposure.